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柴油发电机组排气烟色故障分析(上)

柴油发电机组排气烟色故障分析(上)

  CHAIYOUJIGONGZUOWENDUZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,SUOPAICHUDEYANSEYINGGAISHIWUSEHUODANHUISE,SUOWEIWUSEBUSHIWANQUANWUSE,BUNENGXIANGQIYOUJINEIYANGWUSE,ERSHIZAIWUSEZHONGBANYOUDANDANDEHUISE,ZHEISHIZHENGCHANGPAIQIYANSE。CHAIYOUJIZAIDAISUSHIPAIQIYANSEKENENGZHONGYIXIE,ZAIGAOSU、GAOFUHESHIYEKENENGZHONGYIXIE,YAOLIUYIGUANCHAZHENGCHANGPAIQIYANSE,CAINENGDUIFEIZHENGCHANGDEPAIQIYANSEJINXINGPANDINGHEFENXI。CHAIYOUJIRANLIAOWANQUANRANSHAOHOU,ZHENGCHANGYANSEYIBANWEIDANHUISE,FUHELVEZHONGSHIWEISHENHUISE。CHAIYOUJIZAIGONGZUOZHONG,HUIJINGCHANGCHUXIANMAOYANXIANXIANG,CHAIYOUJIPAIYANYOUHEIYAN、LANYAN、BAIYANHEHUISESIZHONG,TAMENSHIPANDINGCHAIYOUJIGUZHANGDETIAOJIANZHIYI,JUTIFENXIRUXIA:

  一、排气冒黑烟(碳烟)

  HEIYANYOUCHIGUYAN,CHAIYOUJIPAIQIMAOHEIYANZUIZHUYAOYUANYINSHIRANLIAOHUNHEQIGUONONG,KERANHUNHEQIXINGCHENGBULIANGHUORANSHAOBUWANSHANDENGYUANYINZAOCHENGDE。CHAIYOUJIZAIGAOWEN、GAOYARANSHAOTIAOJIANXIA,JUBUQUEYANG、LIEJIEBINGTUOQINGERXINGCHENGDEYITANWEIZHUYAOCHENGFENDEGUTIWEIXIAOKELI,SHIRANSHAOSHINEIRANLIAORANSHAOBUWANQUANDEBIAOXIAN。YOUYUCHAIYOUJISHIFEIJUNZHIRANSHAO,RANSHAOSHINEIGEQUYUDEHUAXUEFANYINGTIAOJIANSHIBUYIZHIDE,ERQIESUIZHESHIJIANERBIANHUADE,SUOYIHEIYANHENKENENGSHIYOUHENDUOBUTONGTUJINGTIANSHENGDE。CHAIYOUSHIFUZADETANQINGHUAHEWU,PENJINRANSHAOSHINEIWEIRANSHAODECHAIYOUSHOUGAOWENFENJIE,XINGCHENGTANHEI,PAIQISHISUITONGFEIQIYIQIPAICHUXINGCHENGXUANSEYANWU。HEIYANSHIBUWANQUANRANSHAOCHANWU,SHITINGRANSHAOZAIGAOWENQUEYANGQINGKUANGXIALIEJIEGUOCHENGSHICHUBINGJUHEERCHENGDE。MOUXIEQINGKUANGXIARANYOUPENSHEZAIRANSHAOSHIBIMIANSHANG,XINGCHENGYETAIYOUMO,YOUMOSHIZUIHOUZHENGFADEYIBUFEN,TADERANSHAOQUJUEYUQIZHENGFASUDUHERANLIAOZHENGQIYUYANGDEHUNHESUDU。JIARUSIZHOUQITIZHONGYANGDENONGDUTAIDI,HUOHUNHEDESUDUBUGOUSHI,CONGYOUMOZHENGFADERANLIAOQITIJIANGBEIFENJIE,BINGCHANSHENGWEIRANTING、BUWANQUANYANGHUACHANWUHEHEIYAN。

  CHAIYOUJIRANSHAOGUOCHENGZHONGHEIYANDECHANSHENGKEYIGAIKUOWEISANGEJIEDUAN——CHENGHEJIEDUAN、DANLIJIEDUAN、DANLIDERANSHAOXIAOSHIHUOFUJUCHENGGENGDAXUTUAN。YINGXIANGQITIANSHENGDEZHUYAOYUANYOUYU:

  1、HUOSAIHUAN、QIGANGTAODENGMOSUN QIMEN、HUOSAIHUAN、QIGANGTAOMOSUNHOU,YINQIYASUOYALIBUZUYIJIJIYOUSHANGCUANRANSHAOSHIDONGFUQIGANGZAIYASUOXINGCHENGJIESHUSHI,HUNHEQIHUNHEDEZHENGCHANGBILIGAIBIAN,SHIRANYOUZAIWUYANGTIAOJIANXIARANSHAO,RANSHAOGUOCHENGQINGYICHANSHENGJITAN,PAICHUDEFEIQIXINGCHENGDALIANGXUANSEYANWU。

  2、RANSHAOSHIWAIXINGGAIBIANRANSHAOSHIWAIXINGYINZHIZAOZHILIANGJIZHANGQISHIYONGDAOZHIJISHUZHUANGKUANGXIAJIANG,SHIYASUOYUFENGGUODA、GUOXIAOYIJIHUOSAIWEIZHIZHUANGCUO,DOUHUISHIRANSHAOSHIWAIXINGHERONGJIGAIBIAN,CONGERYINGXIANGRANYOUYUKONGQIHUNHEZHILIANG,SHIRANYOURANSHAOTIAOJIANBIANHUAI。

  3、PENYOUQIGONGZUOBULIANG,CHAIYOUJIPAIQIYANDUYURANYOUWUHUAPINZHIDEGUANXIMIQIE,ZAICHAIYOUJIPENYOUGUOCHENGZHONG,MEICIPENYOULINJIESHUSHI,PENYOUYALIXIAJIANG,WUHUAZHILIANGCHA,SHIYEDIZHIJINGBIZHUYAOPENSHEJIEDUANDEYOUDIDA4­—5BEI(TIJIYUEZENGDA100BEI),ZHEIXIEYOUDIZHENGFAYURANSHAODESHIJIANDUAN,SIZHOUYANGDENONGDUDI,QINGYICHANSHENGTANYAN。PENYOUQIBUWUHUA、WUHUABULIANGHUODIYOU,SHIRANLIAOBUNENGCHONGFENDIYUQIGANGNEIDEKONGQIHUNHE,YEBUNENGWANQUANRANSHAO。YOUPENYOUQIGONGZUOBULIANGYINQIDEPAIHEIYANXIANXIANGZAICHAIYOUJIDISUYUNZHUANSHIJIAOWEIMINGXIAN,YOUYUDISUYUNZHUANSHIQIGANGNEIJINQIWOLIUJIAORUO,YOUDIHUOYOUSHUBEIQILIUCHONGSANDEKENENGXINGJIANSHAOBINGQIETINGLIUDESHIJIANJIAOZHANG,GENGQINGYIXINGCHENGTANHEIPAICHU。)

  4、GONGYOULIANGGUODAGONGYOULIANGGUODA,SHIJINJINQIGANGNEIDEYOULIANGZENGDUO,ZAOCHENGYOUDUOQISHAORANYOURANSHAOBUWANQUAN。LINGWAI,GONGZUOFUHEGUOZHONG、RANYOUZHILIANGDILIE、GONGZUOWENDUGUODIYEHUIYINQIPAIQIMAOHEIYAN,CHAIYOUJIZHONGRANLIAODEGAOWENLIEJIEFANYINGSHIBUKEBIMIANDE,TEBIESHIZAIKONGJIANHUNHERANSHAODECHAIYOUJIZHONG,YOUYUGAOWENQITIBAOWEIZHEYETAIDEYOUDI,ZAOCHENGLEYOULIYULIEJIEFANYINGDETIAOJIAN,YINCIZAIRANSHAOCHUQICHANSHENGLEDALIANGDETANLI,ZHEIYIDIANYIWEIRANSHAOGUOCHENGDEGAOSUSHEYINGSUOZHENGSHI。CHAIYOUJIZAIZHENGCHANGRANSHAOSHI,ZAIPAIQIMENDAKAIYIQIAN,RANSHAOCHUQISUOXINGCHENGDEDALIANGTANLIKEYIJIBENSHAOWAN,PAIQIJIBENSHANGSHIWUYANDE。ZHISHIZAIMOUXIEBULIGONGKUANGXIA,TANLIBUNENGJISHIRANSHAOFANERTUANYUANXIFU,ZAIQIGANGZHONGHEPAIQIGUOCHENGZHONGXINGCHENGGENGDADETANYANLIZIHUOXUTUAN,SHIPAIQIMAOHEIYAN。

  5、GONGYOUTIQIANJIAODIAOZHENGBUDANG

  (1)GONGYOUTIQIANJIAOGUODA,RANYOUGUOZAOPENJINRANSHAOSHINEI,YOUYUCISHIQIGANGNEIYALIWENDUJIAODI,RANLIAOBUNENGZHEHUORANSHAO,DANGHUOSAISHANGXING,QIGANGNEIDADAOYIDINGYALIHEWENDU,KERANHUNHEQIRANSHAO。ZAIZHIPENSHICHAIYOUJIZHONG,DANGQITACANSHUBUBIANSHI,JIADAPENYOUTIQIANJIAOKEYIJIANGDIPAIQIYANDU。YOUYUJIADAPENYOUTIQIANJIAOHUISHIZHIRANQIJIAZHANG,SHIZHEHUOQIANPENJINQIGANGDEYOULIANGZENGJIA,YUHUNHELIANGZENGJIA,YUHUNHEQIZENGDUO,JIAKUAILERANSHAOSUDU,RANSHAOKEJIAOZAOJIESHU,CONGERSHIZHURANQIDEXINGCHENGTANLIJUYOUJIAOGAODEWENDUHEGAOWENXIATINGLIUJIAODUODESHIJIAN,YOULIYUTANLIYANGHUAXIAOSHI。RANERGUOZAODEPENYOUZENGJIALEYUHUNRANLIAOLIANG,SHICHAIYOUJIGONGZUOCUBAO,RANSHAOZAOYINZENGDA,BINGYINQIJIAODADEJIXIEFUHE,YIJIJIAODUODEHEIYAN(COX)PAIFANG。

  (2)GONGYOUTIQIANJIAOGUOXIAO,PENJINQIGANGNEIDERANYOUGUOCHI,YIBUFENRANLIAOLAIBUJIXINGCHENGKERANHUNHEQIJIUBEIFENLIHUOPAICHU,ZHISHIBUFENZAIPAIQIGUANZHONGSUIFEIQIPAICHUDERANYOULIAOSHOUGAOWENFENJIE、RANSHAO,XINGCHENGHEIYANSUIFEIQIYITONGPAICHU。

  二、排气冒蓝烟

  PAIQIMAOLANYAN,YIBANQINGKUANGXIASHICHAIYOUJISHIYONGRIJIU,MANMANKAISHISHAOJIYOUYINQIDE,SUIZHELANSEYANWUDEJIAZHONG,SHAOJIYOUYUELAIYUEDUO,JIUYINGKAOLVWEIXIUCHAIYOUJILE。YOUSHIRANYOUZHONGHUNYOUSHUIFEN,HUOYOUSHUIFENLOUJINRANSHAOSHIZHONG,YINQIRANSHAODEGAIBIAN,CHAIYOUJIHUIMAOQIANLANSEYAN。YINGXIANGQITIANSHENGDEZHUYAOYINSUWEI:

  1、KONGQILVQINGQIZUSAI,JINQIBUCHANGHUOYOUPENNEIYOUMIANGUOGAO(YOUYUSHIKONGQILVQINGQI),SHIJINJINQIGANGNEIDEQILIANGJIANSHAO,RANYOUHUNHEQIZHENGCHANGBILIGAIBIAN,ZAOCHENGYOUDUOQISHAORANYOURANSHAOBUWANQUAN,YEHUIYINQIPAIQIMAOLANYAN。

  2、YOUDIQIAONEIRUNHUAYOUJIAJINGUODUO,CHAIYOUJIYUNXINGZHONGRUNHUAYOUYICUANJINRANSHAOSHI。

  3、ZHANGQIDIFUHE(BIAODINGGONGLVDE40%YIXIA)YUNZHUAN,HUOSAIYUGANGTAOZHIJIANDEJIANXIGUODA,SHIYOUDIQIAONEIRUNHUAYOUQINGYICUANJINRANSHAOSHIDONGYUQIGANGZHONGDERANLIAOHUNHEQIHUNHE,GAIBIANHUNHEQIZHENGCHANGBILI,RANSHAOBUWANQUAN,YINQIPAIQIMAOLANYAN。

  4、HUOSAIHUANKAZHUHUOMOSUNGUODUO,DANXINGBUZU,ANZHUANGSHIHUOSAIHUANDAOJIAOFANGXIANGZHUANGFAN,SHIJIYOUJINJINRANSHAOSHIDONGRUNHUAYOURANSHAOHOUCHANSHENGLANSESHUIQIYANWUPAICHU。

  5、ZAIJITITONGXIANGQIGANGGAIYOUDAOSIZHOUDEQIGANGDIANSHAOHUI,HUOSAI、QIGANGTAOMOSUNYIJIHUOSAIHUANDUIKOUDENGZHUANGKUANGJIANGZHISHIRUNHUAYOUSHANGCUANRANSHAOSHIDONGBINGYURANYOUHUNHEQIYITONGRANSHAO。

  三、排气冒白烟



上一条新闻:>柴油机常见故障的分析及排查方法
下一条新闻:>柴油发电机组排气烟色故障分析(下)
| 发布时间:2016.10.14    来源:legou0916.com 康明斯发电机